Hi there  i need these questions to be answered, each question answered spirit

  Hi there  i need these questions to be answered, each question answered spiritly, SHORT ANSWER–a good paragraph or two How do historians study, divide…

 
Hi there 
i need these questions to be answered, each question answered spiritly,
SHORT ANSWER–a good paragraph or two
How do historians study, divide up, and evaluate the past?
How did the original human hunter-gatherer communities become civilized, with what problems and changes to their cultures?
What did the Ancient Middle Eastern civilizations contribute to the foundations of Western culture?
How did the Greeks and later Hellenistic rulers succeed and fail in politics?
What Greco-Roman philosophy, literature, and art unified the Mediterranean, Western Europe and the Middle East?
How did Rome grow from a city-state to an empire unifying the Mediterranean?
How did the new religion of Christianity begin and grow?
How did Roman Empire fall in the West, yet last another 1000 years in the East?
============================================
 
LONG ANSWER–several paragraphs, a good two or three pages
Discuss the importance of religion in the ancient world. You might consider the following questions: What religious forms did the first peoples have? How did religion serve the needs of the Middle Eastern civilizations? What changes did the Greeks and Romans bring to beliefs? How were Judaism, Christianity, and Islam different from other religions and from each other?
Explain the various approaches ancient civilizations had to government.  You might consider the following questions:  What rights and roles did the states in Egypt and Mesopotamia give to their leaders?  What forms of self-rule did the Hebrews/Jews attempt?  How did the Greeks provide alternate conceptions of politics?  How did various political structures of the Romans reflect their expansion?
Discuss the problem of empire in the ancient world. You might consider the following questions:  How did the first empires come about? What were the strengths and weaknesses of the universal empires of Assyria and Persia? How did the Greeks fail at empire yet succeed at civilization?  How did the Roman Empire arise out of a crisis, create more crises, and yet survive for several centuries?  What caused the ultimate failure of the western portion of the Roman Empire, and what were its consequences?
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Hi there 
i need these questions to be answered, each question answered spirit appeared first on Essaybrook.

3 PAGES DOUBLE SPACE  • all questions have to be answered  Please use the APA gu

3 PAGES DOUBLE SPACE  • all questions have to be answered  Please use the APA guide provided below for writing your paper                   APA In text…

3 PAGES DOUBLE SPACE  •
all questions have to be answered 
Please use the APA guide provided below for writing your paper                   APA In text Citation Sample When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation.
        
Assignment Objective: Evaluate the merit of a nutrition article and identify nutrition quackery in products and literature, familiarize students with role of a registered dietitian/nutritionist, and use informatics principles and technology to collect and analyze data.   Directions: go to www.webmd.com and choose a nutrition-related article under News and Experts in Health News to critique using the CARS checklist.
 CHOOSEN ARTICLE: https://www.webmd.com/brain/news/20180129/excess-salt-may-hurt-your-brain-too 
 The critique should include answers to the following questions: 
 Credibility: Because people have always made important decisions based on information, evidence of authenticity and reliability or credibility, believability has always been important. If you read an article saying that the area where you live will experience a major earthquake in the next six months, it is important that you should know whether or not to believe the information. Some questions to ask about general credibility might include these: •Is there sufficient evidence presented to make the argument persuasive? •Are there compelling arguments and reasons given? •Are there enough details for a reasonable conclusion about the information?  There are several tests you can apply to a source to help you judge how credible and useful it will be:  Author’s Credentials. The author or source of the information should show some evidence of being knowledgeable, reliable, and truthful.   Some questions you might ask would include the following: •What about this source makes it believable (or not)? •How does this source know this information? •Why should I believe this source over another?  As you can see, the key to credibility is the question of trust. Here are some clues to credibility: •Author’s education, training, and/or experience in a field relevant to the information. Look for biographical information, the author’s title, or position of employment •Author’s contact information (e-mail or postal mail address, telephone number) •Organizational authorship from a known and respected organization (corporate, governmental, or non-profit) •Organizational authorship reflecting an appropriate area of expertise •Author’s reputation or standing among peers.
Accuracy: The goal of the accuracy test is to ensure that the information is actually correct: up-to-date, factual, detailed, exact, and comprehensive. For example, even though a very credible writer said something that was correct twenty years ago, it may not be correct today. Similarly, a reputable source might be giving up-to-date information, but the information may be only partial and not give the full story. Here are some concepts related to accuracy:  Timeliness  Some work is timeless, like the classic novels and stories, or like the thought-provoking philosophical work of Aristotle and Plato. Other work has a limited useful life because of advances in the discipline (psychological theory, for example), and some work is outdated very quickly (like technology news). You must therefore be careful to note when the information you find was created, and then decide whether it is still of value (and how much value). You may need information within the past ten years, five years, or even two weeks. But old is not necessarily bad: nineteenth-century American history books or literary anthologies can be highly educational because they can function as comparisons with what is being written or anthologized now. In many cases, though, you want accurate, up-to-date information.  An important idea connected with timeliness is the dynamic, fluid nature of informa-tion and the fact that constant change means constant changes in timeliness. The facts we learn today may be timely now, but tomorrow will not be. Especially in technology, science, medicine, business, and other fields always in flux, we must remember to check and re-check our data from time to time, and realize that we will always need to update our facts. Comprehensiveness. Any source that presents conclusions or that claims (explicitly or implicitly) to give a full and rounded story, should reflect the intentions of completeness and accuracy. In other words, the information should be comprehensive. Some writers argue that researchers should be sure that they have “complete” information before making a decision or coming to a conclusion. But with the advent of the information age, such a goal is impossible, if by “complete” we mean all possible information. No one can read 20,000 articles on the same subject before coming to a conclusion or making a decision. On the other hand, an information source that deliberately leaves out important facts, qualifications, consequences, or alternatives may be misleading or even intentional-ly deceptive. And since no single piece of information will offer the truly complete story, even if accuracy and fairness are intended, we must rely on more than one source to provide us with a fuller view of the situation.  Evaluation Tip  You can use your browser to find out when a Web page was last modified, even though there may not be a visible date on the page itself. In Netscape, use “View,” “Page Info” and you will see a “Last Modified” field with a date. In Internet Explorer, using “File,” ”Properties” you will get the date the information was transferred to your disc, not the date the page was modified.  Audience and Purpose  For whom is this source intended and for what purpose? If, for example, you find an article, “How Plants Grow,” and children are the intended audience, then the material may be too simplified for your college botany paper. More impor-tant to the evaluation of information is the purpose for which the information was created. For example, an article titled, “Should You Buy or Lease a Car?” might have been written with the purpose of being an objective analysis, but it may instead have been written with the intention of persuading you that leasing a car is better than buying. In such a case, the information will most likely be highly biased or distorted. Such information is not useless, but the bias must be taken into consideration when interpreting and using the informa-tion. (In some cases, you may be able to find the truth by using only biased sources, some biased in one direction and some biased in the other.) Be sure, then, that the intended audience and purpose of the article are appropriate to your requirements or at least clearly in evi-dence so that you may take them into account. Information pretending to objectivity but possessing a hidden agenda of persuasion or a hidden bias is quite common in our culture.  Indicators of a Lack of Accuracy  In addition to an obvious tone or style that reveals a carelessness with detail or accuracy, there are several indicators that may mean the source is inaccurate, either in whole or in part: •No date on the document •Assertions that are vague or otherwise lacking detail •Sweeping rather than qualified language (that is, the use of always, never, every, completely rather than usually, seldom, some-times, tends, and so forth) •An old date on information known to change rapidly •Very one-sided view that does not acknowledge opposing views or respond to them
Reasonableness: Reasonableness  The test of reasonableness involves examining the information for fairness, objectivity, moderateness, and consistency. Fairness. Fairness includes offering a balanced, reasoned argument. ment, not selected or slanted. Even ideas or claims made by the source’s opponents should be presented in an accurate manner. Pretending that the opponent has wild, irra-tional ideas or arguments no one could accept is to commit the straw man fallacy. A good information source will also possess a calm, reasoned tone, arguing or presenting material thoughtfully and without attempting to get you emotionally worked up. Pay attention to the tone and be cautious of highly emotional writing. Angry, hateful, critical, spiteful tones often betray an irrational and unfair attack under way rather than a reasoned argument. And writing that attempts to inflame your feelings to prevent you from thinking clearly is also unfair and manipulative.
Support
The area of support is concerned with the source and corroboration of the information. Much information, especially statistics and claims of fact, comes from other sources. Citing sources strengthens the credibility of the information. (Remember this when you write a research paper.)  Source Documentation or Bibliography. When facts or statis-tics are quoted, look to see whether their source is revealed, so that you could check their accuracy.   Some source considerations include these: •Where did this information come from? •What sources did the information creator use? •Are the sources listed? •Is there a bibliography or other documentation? •Does the author provide contact information in case you wish to discuss an issue or request further clarification? •What kind of support for the information is given? •How does the writer know this?
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[ANSWERED] Each person will writ a review of a nontraditional or alternative type drug prod

Each person will writ a review of a nontraditional or alternative type drug product (e.g a herbal product, a homeopathic product, melatonin, DHEA etc) for…

Each person will writ a review of a nontraditional or alternative type drug product (e.g a herbal product, a homeopathic product, melatonin, DHEA etc) for a specific indication. You may also choose vitamin product or mainstream drug with an alternative or non-approved claim. 1) find 3 different web sites about the product and its claim. Try to locate different sites e.g from a mainstream government or nonprofit site, a commercial site, a site posted by a non-affiliated individual etc. DO NOT USE A MEDLINE ABSTRACT OR A JOURNAL ARTICLE THAT IS draftED ON THE WEB. Answer the following questions in a tabular format to compare the information from all the 3 websites:- who mounted the information? What is their affiliation?-Does the author have some authority or special knowledge?-Does the sites appear to be biased or have a special slant?-Are the claims supported by balanced evidence? Are references given?-does it attempt to support, not replace, a doctor-patient relationship?-does it adhere to the HONcode principle (or similar code) for internet health information?- when the sites were last updatedThen summarize what each site says about the product efficacy.2) Use PubMed to find one good journal article (tertiary or primary, but must be drafted in the last 5 years) on the topic for human use and summarize it in one paragraph3) compare the information from all 3 sites and from the journal article to determine which sources of information were most useful and why. Summarize and evaluate all the information found to reach a conclusion about the actual efficacy of the product. Your conclusion must finish with a strong recommendation about whether or not to use the product and why.
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[ANSWERED]  1. PCR (Polymerase chain reaction) is an important technique critical for moder

 1. PCR (Polymerase chain reaction) is an important technique critical for modern DNA sequencing. Theidea is to use a sequence of rounds (biological reactions controlled by…

 1. PCR (Polymerase chain reaction) is an important technique critical for modern DNA sequencing. Theidea is to use a sequence of rounds (biological reactions controlled by temperature changes) where(roughly speaking) every strand of DNA is duplicated. Once in a while a round fails, and for simplicityassume the amount of DNA stays constant in such round. Say we start with one billion copies of aDNA strand. Assume a round fails with probability half (in practise the failure rate would be muchlower!). Under this simplistic model, what is the probability that there are exactly 8 billion copiesimmediately after 9 rounds? Find a general formula for the probability that there are exactly x billioncopies after y rounds.2. Suppose you posit a dierent model for a failed round, where in such round the amountof DNA decreases by a factor two. Again assume equal probability for the failure or the success of around. What is the probability that there are exactly 2 billion copies immediately after nine rounds?Find a general formula for the probability that there are exactly x copies after y rounds.
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[ANSWERED] SQL/* Q1. This is Exercise #2 of end of Chapter 4 (p.156)Write a SELECT statemen

SQL/* Q1. This is Exercise #2 of end of Chapter 4 (p.156)Write a SELECT statement that returns four columns:VendorNameFrom the Vendors tableInvoiceNumberFrom the Invoices tableInvoiceDateFrom…

SQL/* Q1. This is Exercise #2 of end of Chapter 4 (p.156)Write a SELECT statement that returns four columns:VendorNameFrom the Vendors tableInvoiceNumberFrom the Invoices tableInvoiceDateFrom the Invoices tableBalanceDerived from the Invoices table, i.e., InvoiceTotal minus the sum of PaymentTotal and CreditTotalThe result set should have one row for each invoice with a non-zero balance. Sort the result set by VendorName in ascending order.Hint: correct query results 11 rows*//* Q2. This is Exercise #5 of end of Chapter 4 (p.157)Write a SELECT statement that returns five columns from three tables, all using column aliases:VendorVendorName columnDateInvoiceDate columnNumberInvoiceNumber column#InvoiceSequence columnLineItemInvoiceLineItemAmount columnAssign the following correlation names to the tables:vVendors table iInvoices table liInvoiceLineItems tableSort the final result set by Vendor, Date, Number, and #.Hint: correct query results 118 rows*//* Q3. This is Exercise #6 of end of Chapter 4 (p.157)Write a SELECT statement that returns three columns: VendorIDFrom the Vendors table VendorNameFrom the Vendors tableNameA concatenation of VendorContactFName and VendorContactLName, with a space in between The result set should have one row for each vendor whose contact has the same first name as another vendor’s contact. Sort the final result set by Name. Hint 1: Use a self-joinHint 2: correct query results 6 rows*//* Q4. This is Exercise #7 of end of Chapter 4 (p.157)Write a SELECT statement that returns two columns from the GLAccounts table: AccountNo and AccountDescription. The result set should have one row for each account number that has neverbeen used in InvoiceLineItems. Sort the final result set by AccountNo.Hint 1: Use an outer join to the InvoiceLineItems tableHint 2: correct query results 54 rows*//* Q5. This is Exercise #8 of end of Chapter 4 (p.157)Use the UNION operator to generate a result set consisting of two columns from the Vendors table: VendorName and VendorState. If the vendor is in California, the VendorState value should be “CA”; otherwise, the VendorState value should be “Outside CA”. Sort the final result set by VendorName.*/
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[ANSWERED]   Need help on these practice exam questions for my exam. Include every detail t

  Need help on these practice exam questions for my exam. Include every detail thank you.  1. You want to ask a sample of college students the…

  Need help on these practice exam questions for my exam. Include every detail thank you.  1. You want to ask a sample of college students the question “How much do you trust information about health that you find on the Internet – a great deal, somewhat, not much, or not at all?”. You try out this and other questions on a pilot group of 7 students chosen from your class. The class members are:Adams, Aeffner, Barnes, Bower, Burke, Cao, Cisse, Devore, Ding, Drake, Eckstein, Fassnacht, Fullmer, Gandhi, Guo, Heaton, Huling, Kahler, Kessis, Lu, Mattos, Newberg, Paulsen, Payton, Prince, Pulak, Rabin, Roberts, Shoepf, Spagnola, Terry, Vore, Wallace, Wanner, Zhang.Assign a number to each student (in alphabetical order) and choose a systematic sample of 7 students. Describe, step-by-step, how this sample will be selected. Then write down the names of the 7 students. (Assume that the first number you selected is 4). [4 marks]3. The 10th Annual Health Care in Canada Survey is a survey of the Canadian public’s and health care providers’ opinions on a variety of health care issues, including quality of health care, access to health care, health and the environment, and so forth. A description of the survey follows:The 10th edition of the Health Care in Canada Survey was conducted by POLLARA Research between October 3rd and November 8th, 2007. Results for the survey are based on telephone interviews with nationally representative samples of 1,223 members of the Canadian public, 202 doctors, 201 nurses, 202 pharmacists and 201 health managers. Public results are considered to be accurate within +/-2.8%, while the margin of error for results for doctors, nurses, pharmacists and managers is +/-6.9%.a) Why is the accuracy greater for the public than for health care providers and managers? [2 marks]b) Why do you think they sampled the public as well as health care providers and managers? [2 marks]c) What sampling design was employed? What must you assume about the samples that were drawn from the public, doctors, nurses, pharmacists and health managers? [2 marks]4. Most Canadians feel that the welfare of our environment is the most important issue in Canada today. For a Statistics project, a student wanted to see if this is also true of Greater Vancouver residents. She selected random samples of people from colleges, universities, libraries, and fitness clubs and asked each person if s/he feels that the environment is the major issue facing Canadians today. 92% said ‘yes’.Is it appropriate to infer that about 92% of all Greater Vancouver residents feel this way also? Answer this question by identifying a type of bias in her survey and by explaining how her sample differs from the population in terms of the variable in the study. [3 marks] 7. Observational studies have suggested that daily intake of Vitamin E is associated with a lower risk of heart disease. Yet, carefully designed double-blind randomized experiments have shown that vitamin E has no effect in reducing risk of heart disease. [6 marks]a) For each study (observational and experiment), what are the response and explanatory variables and treatments? [2 marks]b) Outline the design of each study on a diagram [2 marks]c) For the observational study, identify a lurking variable that may explain the association between Vitamin E intake and risk of heart disease? Explain why your answer satisfies the definition of a lurking variable. (Hint: What can you say about people who regularly take Vitamin E supplements?) [2 marks]
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[ANSWERED] RULE OF THREE THESIS  – Do you have a well thought out and clear overall thesis

RULE OF THREE THESIS  – Do you have a well thought out and clear overall thesis in your introduction? Do you have a thesis statement for…

RULE OF THREE THESIS  – Do you have a well thought out and clear overall thesis in your introduction? Do you have a thesis statement for your paragraph? Does the paragraph organization follow the thesis statement?EVIDENCE – You must have solid evidence for each point you raise in the thesis. Evidence is not simply a statement, there must be an explanation of how that evidence supports the thesis statement. Example: If you were writing a paragraph on the causes of the Cold War, you might use the Baruch Plan as an example. Simply writing “the Baruch Plan was a cause of the Cold War” in your paragraph would not be enough and would not be analytical. However, the following sentences do provide a good analysis of this piece of evidence:”One cause of the Cold War was the failure of the United States and the Soviet Union to agree upon a plan for nuclear disarmament after World War II. The Baruch Plan, presented by the US, would maintain the American atomic weapon advantage for the foreseeable future. This played into Stalin’s suspicions of the Americans’ true motivations toward the USSR.”Did you use the minimum number of primary sources? secondary sources?HISTORICAL ACCURACY, CLARITY, AND LOGIC Is your argument clear and does it make sense? Is it historically accurate? Does your evidence prove your point? Does your analysis answer the prompt? Have you considered change over time and geographic differences in your essay? PROPER CITATION Have you properly cited? Have you used Turabian/Chicago? You must also FOOTNOTE. Parenthetical cites are NOT allowed How did conflict along frontiers lead to instability in the English colonies?
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[ANSWERED] The term “formal research” traditionally refers to conducting an experiment unde

The term “formal research” traditionally refers to conducting an experiment under controlled conditions in order to discover, demonstrate or test a hypothesis. On the other…

The term “formal research” traditionally refers to conducting an experiment under controlled conditions in order to discover, demonstrate or test a hypothesis. On the other hand, a “business proposal” is considered the systematic gathering of information with the intent of arriving at an optimal solution for a given problem or situation. Each one has its application and value in the business setting, yet there are also attributes that are unique to each one.For the first part of this assignment, compare and contrast the theoretical and practical differences between “formal research” and “business proposals”. What are some commonalities? What are some differences? What are the capabilities of one in contrast with the capabilities of the other? Use sources available on the web, the library from the textbook to support your arguments and remember to include these sources in the references section of your paper.
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[ANSWERED] 13. Mary contributed a building (FMV: $1,000,000, adjusted based: $800,000) to a

13. Mary contributed a building (FMV: $1,000,000, adjusted based: $800,000) to a Corporation in exchange for only stocks (FMV: $1,000,000) and obtained 100% of voting power.Gain…

13. Mary contributed a building (FMV: $1,000,000, adjusted based: $800,000) to a Corporation in exchange for only stocks (FMV: $1,000,000) and obtained 100% of voting power.Gain Realized=Gain Recognized=14. Same transactions in #13 except that Mary received $900,000 of stock and $100,000 of luxurious vehicle.Gain Realized=Gain Recognized=15. Same transactions in #2 except that Mary received $700,000 of stock and $300,000 of luxurious vehicle.Gain Realized Gain Recognized16. Same transactions in #2 except that Mary received $900,000 of stock and $100,000 of corporate debt.Gain Realized Gain Recognized17. Mary provides building (FMV: $1,000,000, adjusted based: $800,000) and management service to a corporation in exchange for only stocks (FMV: $100,000) and obtained 100% of voting Power.Gain Realized Gain Recognized Ordinary Income
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[ANSWERED] should be in complete sentences. Read the scenario and answer the questions that

should be in complete sentences. Read the scenario and answer the questions that follow it in complete sentences. Your answer must include definitions and explanations…

should be in complete sentences. Read the scenario and answer the questions that follow it in complete sentences. Your answer must include definitions and explanations of the underlined terms.In a laboratory study of sleep deprivation, researchers employed a variety of techniques to keep volunteers awake for variable amounts of time. One group of participants was kept awake for 24 hours, and the other was kept awake for 48 hours. During periods of forced wakefulness, participants were required to engage verbal learning tasks such as memorizing the definitions of obscure English words. At the conclusion of the period of forced wakefulness, participants were allowed to sleep for as long as they wanted to. When participants awakened, researchers tested them on the learning tasks they completed during the periods of forced wakefulness. The researchers discovered that participants who were deprived of sleep for 48 hours recalled less than those who had been forced to remain awake for 24 hours.a. What is the independent variable?b. What is the dependent variable?c. What is the control group?d. What is/are the experimental group(s)?Read the scenario and answer the questions in complete sentences. Your answers must include definitions and explanations of underlined terms.Sam’s psychology professor, Dr. Smith, recruited him to serve as a research assistant. Sam’s job was to teach study participants a new strategy for studying textbook material. Experimental group participants were supposed to be taught the new strategy, while control group participants were to be told that they could increase their test scores by holding their textbooks at a particular angle when reading. Each group was allowed to practice the techniques they were taught on a chapter in a psychology textbook, after which Sam tested them over what they had studied. Dr. Smith was surprised to discover that the control group scored higher on the tests than the experimental group did.(A) What was the placebo in Dr. Smith’s study?(B) How would the term placebo effect be used to describe the results of the study?(C) Would it be correct to conclude that the procedure that was taught to the control group is a useful study strategy? If not, what is the correct conclusion?Answer the question in complete sentences. You must define and explain any key terms that you include in your answer.Why do researchers use double-blind designs?Answer the questions in complete sentences. You must include definitions and explanations of any key terms you include in your answer.Susan wanted to carry out a study to find out if aerobic exercise caused more weight loss than just walking. She instructed one group of study participants to do aerobic exercise for 20 minutes, 4 days a week. A second group was instructed to walk for 20 minutes a day, 4 days a week. Group membership was determined by a coin toss–heads, aerobic exercise; tails, walking. Susan weighed each participant before her study started and again three months into the study and then compared the average weights of the two groups.a. Is Susan’s study correlational or experimental? Explain.b. Explain why Susan used a coin toss to assign each participant to a groups.c. Suppose Susan had asked participants whether they wanted to do aerobic exercise or walk instead of assigning them to groups using the coin-toss method. How would the interpretation of her study be affected?
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